Sulfonated crude sulfonation method and the two-step method
(1) white oil production by-products method. In the production of white oil refining using sulfonation process, removal of aromatic hydrocarbons in the feedstock oil and other active ingredients, is the main product is a mineral oil and Food dehydrator, in the water phase is mainly petroleum sulfonate. Such petroleum sulfonate average relative molecular mass between 400 and 580 for over sulfonate. Flooding EOR used as a surfactant required, the need for a certain degree of modification. (2) crude sulfonation. Generally having a boiling point of 210 ~ 500 ℃ reduction in second distillate as a raw material, the direct use of sulfur trioxide or fuming sulfuric acid sulfonation, and then the obtained alkali alkyl aryl sulphonates. The method of using the raw oil refining production petroleum sulfonate, its treatment process for the heavy - Distillation - hydrogenation - furfural refining - sulfonated - and in other procedures. The petroleum sulfonate prepared sulfonated crude product performance with different nature are machine for pellets. High aromatic content naphthenic crude oil, petroleum sulfonate production byproducts less easy to obtain with the formation of ultra-low interfacial tension of oil products; while paraffin base crude oil aromatics content, the production of by-products of petroleum sulfonate up to 60% , high production costs, in terms of economic and process by-products is limited. (3) two-step sulfonation. First, the Act of crude oil in the catalyst reacts with SO2 and Cl2, the crude oil alkane sulfonyl chloride generated, then SO3 sulfonation of aromatic hydrocarbons in the crude oil to generate sulfonated aryl sulfonates, obtained by NaOH. alkyl sulfonates and aryl sulfonates. Advantage is that the entire fraction can generate oil sulfonates, sulfonated integrated conversion rate of 70% or more, reducing by-products, reducing costs. Petroleum sulfonates prepared above three method of standard products concentrate active matter content is generally 60% to 63%, about 35% of saturated hydrocarbons, about 2% to 5% moisture content. But it can be made up to 80% active matter content, and as 30% of the products used directly.